Indian history has marked its importance and presence through the historical monuments. It is because of these monuments that we realize how magnificent Indian history is. There are so many monuments in India from Ancient, Medieval and Modern times. Each of them has its own importance. These are like the rungs of a ladder leading to the doors of pride.
Indian history embeds all the glorious aspects of this ancient civilization. So, let us unravel the list of top five monuments which are most visited after Taj Mahal in India.
Read here: The beauty of Taj Mahal
|Monuments||Location||Year of construction|
|India Gate||Rajpath, New Delhi||1921-1931|
|Konark Sun Temple||Konark, Odisha||1250 AD|
|Golden Temple||Amritsar, Punjab||1574(construction began) & 1601(construction completed)|
|Charminar||Old City Hyderabad, Telangana||1591|
Top 5 Most Visited Monuments After Tajmahal:
Here is everything you should know about the top five monuments that are most visited after Tajmahal in India. They are an important part of Indian history.
1. India Gate:
India gate is one of the magnificent war memorials in India. Here is everything you should know about India gate:
- A famous architect, Edwin Lutyens designed India Gate.
- It was built to commemorate the British Indian Army who sacrificed their life during the first world war and third Anglo Afghan war of 1919.
- It’s an arch gate made with sandstone.
- This wonderful structure has names of over 13,000 soldiers written on it.
- In 1972, a new structure was added to the memorial in honor of soldiers who gave their life in the Indo-Pakistan war of 1971.
- This popular monument is surrounded with beautiful gardens and is a favourite spot for people to enjoy their summer evenings with families.
- It is also one of the most visited tourist places in India.
Read here: The Haunted Bhangarh Fort
2. Konark Sun Temple:
The 13th century temple is one of the most creative and stunning creations in Indian history of architecture.
- The credit for constructing such a masterpiece is proudly given to the king Narasimhadeva I, a monarch of the Ganga Dynasty.
- This temple is in the shape of a chariot(with twelve giant stone wheels) led by seven stone horses and is dedicated to the Sun God(Surya).
- This temple is also known as Surya devalaya, black Pagoda.
- The Konark Sun Temple was built with the help of 12,000 artisans.
- The traditional odisha style called the kalinga architecture is used in the temple.
- This temple was declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1984.
- It is one of the most attractive tourist places around the world.
- This Temple also attracts historians and archaeologists from all around the world.
3. Golden Temple:
It is one of the most spiritual and worshipped places of India.
- Located in Amritsar of Punjab, this temple is the holiest place for the followers of Sikhism.
- It is also popular as Harmandir Sahib.
- The most attractive thing about the temple is its architecture(golden).
- Apart from giving those pure spiritual vibes, another speciality of the temple is the “Langar”( a communal meal/free kitchen).
- Amrit Sarovar(spiritual/holy water) is another spiritual attraction of the temple.
- Golden temple is one of the most attractive places in the world and is open to the devotees of all faiths.
It is a historical monument and mosque located in the heart of Hyderabad. Here is everything you should know about this historical monument:
- Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the fifth ruler of Qutb Shah I Dynasty built charminar
- It was built to mark the celebration of the end of plague in the city during the 16th century.
- The structure is made with four minarets on every corner(48.7 metres high).
- The floors of the monument are divided by lovely rings around it.
- There’s a mosque on the top floor and the structure has 149 steps to reach there.
- This monument looks even more beautiful at night. It looks colorful along with the lavish bazaars and shops around the monument.
- Charminar is one of the most visited places in India.
5. Hawa Mahal:
Located in the heart of the city(Jaipur) at the Badi Chaupad, the royal palace is also known as “Palace of Breeze”. Here is everything you should know about this beautiful palace:
- This beautiful palace was built with the order of Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh and was designed by Lal Chand Ustad.
- One of the interesting things about this palace is that it is built without any foundation.
- The entire masterpiece is made with red and pink sandstones. It has five floors and each floor has its own specific name.
- The outside walls of Hawa Mahal has 953 Windows. It also has balconies and arched roofs with hanging cornices.
- One of the special attractions of this palace is that the windows are in the shape of a honeycomb and allows cool breeze to flow in. This keeps the Mahal cool in summers.
- The palace is built in the shape of Lord Krishna’s crown.
- The palace was built for the ladies of the Rajput families (families of kings) as they were not allowed to go in public. Hawa Mahal allowed them to look through the windows to watch all the processions and hustles of the place.
- Hawa Mahal is one of the most loved places in India.
Why to preserve monuments?
It is very important to preserve the monuments:
- One of the main reasons is that monuments represent the past history and culture of a particular nation.
- It holds the identity and importance to further inculcate into the future generations.
- This will ensure that the future generations are well aware of where they belong to.
- It will keep everyone intact to their culture and traditions.
- It also signifies how magnificent the architecture of the past was and enlightens the citizens with the capabilities of the talented and creative architects of the past.
- It also serves as a symbol of international importance.
- Further giving the country a sense of recognition.
- It also promotes tourism for the country. This further leads to economical and sustainable development with its tourist attractions.
- Monuments must be preserved as they are the reflection of the history of a nation.
- Preserving the monuments will also give us an idea about the changes that took place in the past. It will give us a better outlook on how to change further for the well being of the society as well as mankind.
Monuments in India are taken care of by the public sector undertakings.
Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Humayun Tomb.
Public can do this by:
1. Keeping the area/premises of the monument clean.
2. By not scratching the walls or in any way harming the structure.
3. Also, abiding by all the rules given by the government or at a monumental site.
Stupa of Sanchi, Charminar, Maha Bodhi Temple and many more.
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